The purpose of this guide is to provide general information about the statutory requirements as per the labour regulations and common practices on employment in Indonesia. The guide tries to explain the different laws and regulations concerning employment and should be taken for reference only.
When in doubt or if further clarification is required, please refer to or contact the relevant Government authority for assistance.
Indonesia Labour Regulations
The various labour regulations in Indonesia are:
- Labour or Manpower Act 13
- Trade Unions Act 21
- Industrial Relations Dispute Settlement Act 2
- National Social Security Act 40
Manpower or Labour Act
The Manpower or Labour Act is the main legislation that govern the employment of people in Indonesia.
The Manpower Act covers all employees and workers regardless of their wages or salaries as well as job grades/levels or types of employment, that is, permanent or temporary.
- Hours of Work
Under the Manpower Act, all employees who work on a 6 days’ work week cannot work more than 7 hours a day or more than 40 hours a week. Those who work on a 5 days’ work week cannot work more than 8 hours a day or more than 40 hours a week.
An employee must not work overtime for more than 3 hours on a normal working day or 14 hours in a week.
For every 4 consecutive hours of work, there must be a break of 30 minutes.
- Rest Day and Public Holidays
All employees must have at least 1 rest day per week if they worked 6 days’ work week and 2 rest days if they worked 5 days’ work week.
There are 11 gazetted National public holidays in Indonesia.
Sometimes the Indonesia Government may declare additional public holidays known as Joint Holiday when a gazette public holiday falls on a Thursday or Friday to give employees a longer weekend.
- Probation Period
All employment contracts without a specified or fixed period may have a probation period of no longer than 3 months.
All employment contracts with a specified or fixed period are not allowed to have a probation period.
Employers must pay overtime to low level positions’ employees if they work beyond the normal working hours. Overtime work must be at the request of the employer and accepted by the employee.
The overtime rates for overtime work requested by the employer are as follow:
|Normal Working Days|
|1st overtime hour||1.5 times the hourly rate of pay|
|Hours thereafter||2.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
* Note: hourly rate calculation : 1/173 x monthly salary
|Off & Rest Days and Public Holidays|
|5-Day Work Week|
|1st 8 hours||2.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
|9th hour||3.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
|10th & 11th hour||4.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
|6-Day Work Week|
|1st 7 hours||2.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
|8th hour||3.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
|10th hour||4.0 times the hourly rate of pay|
Employees are not allowed to work more than 11 hours a day (5-day work week) or 10 hours a day (6-day work week) on an off and rest day as well as public holiday. In additional, employees are not allowed to work more than 14 hours of overtime work per week.
- Tunjangan Hari Raya (THR) or Holiday Allowance/Bonus
All employees, either permanent or contract-based, who have worked a full year with an employer are entitled to Tunjangan Hari Raya (THR) or holiday allowance or bonus equivalent to one month’s salary and must be paid at least 1 week before the Eid-ul-Fitr public holiday.
For employees who have served one month or more but less than 12 months, the THR is calculated on a pro-rata basis using the following formula: (service period/12) x 1 month’s salary
Employees who have completed 12 months of consecutive service with an employer are entitled to 12 days of annual leave.
For workers or labourers of certain industry or enterprises who have completed 6 years of consecutive service with an employer shall be entitled to annual leave as follow:
- 7th year – 1 month of paid annual leave
- 8th year – 1 month of paid annual leave
The 1 month of paid annual leave on the 7th and 8th year shall be inclusive of the 12 days annual leave entitlement. This ruling shall be applicable every 6 years of consecutive service.
There is no specific number of or cap on paid sick leave under the Manpower Act. The payment of paid sick leave shall be as follow:
- 1st 4 months – Full pay (100% of wages)
- 2nd 4 months – 75% of wages
- 3rd 4 months – 50% of wages
- Thereafter – 25% of wages
All female employees are entitled to 3 months paid maternity leave as follow:
- Before confinement – 1.5 months
- After confinement – 1.5 months
A female employee who suffers a miscarriage is entitled to 1.5 months of paid leave.
There is no minimum requirement for length of service with the employer to be entitled to maternity or miscarriage leave.
Under the Manpower Act, an employee is entitled to take paid leave for the following reasons:
|Type of Occasion||Number of Days|
|Marriage of employee’s child||2 days|
|Circumcision or baptism of employee’s child||2 days|
|Paternity (wife gave birth or suffered miscarriage)||2 days|
|Death of spouse, parents, parents-in-law or child||2 days|
|Death of other family member living together||1 day|
|Menstrual||1st 2 days|
Either party may terminate the employment contract by giving the required notice period as stipulated in the contract.
Either party may terminate the employment contract without notice or waiting for the expiry of the notice by paying the other party a sum equal to the wages or salary of the notice period.
- Severance Payments
Employers must pay an employee severance pay and reward for service if they terminate or dismiss an employee:
|Length of Service||Amount|
|Less than 1 year service||1 month salary|
|1 year but less than 2 years||2 months|
|2 years but less than 3 years||3 months|
|3 years but less than 4 years||4 months|
|4 years but less than 5 years||5 months|
|5 years but less than 6 years||6 months|
|6 years but less than 7 years||7 months|
|7 years but less than 8 years||8 months|
|8 years or more||9 months|
|Reward for Service|
|3 years but less than 6 years||2 months|
|6 years but less than 9 years||3 months|
|9 years but less than 12 years||4 months|
|12 years but less than 15 years||5 months|
|15 years but less than 18 years||6 months|
|18 years but less than 21 years||7 months|
|21 years but less than 24 years||8 months|
|24 years or more||10 months|
|Balance earned annual leaves|
|Compensation for housing, medical and healthcare allowance||15% of severance and reward pay|
|Cost of transportation to point of hire|
- Retirement Age
With effect from 1 January 2022, the retirement age in Indonesia is 58 years old.
- Minimum Wage
The Indonesia Government does not set a national minimum wage.
National Social Security System Act
The National Social Security System provides the following programs to all employees:
- Health insurance
- Work accident insurance (JKK)
- Old age pension (JHT)
- Life insurance (JKM)
- Public pension (JP)
All employers and employees including foreigners are required to make monthly contribution to the Employee Social Security System (JAMSOSTEK).
The monthly contribution is based on the regular monthly salary or wages including all fixed allowances or benefits of the employee.
The monthly contribution rates to JAMSOTEK are:
|Type of Social Security||Contribution – % of Monthly Salary||Remarks|
|Health Insurance||4%||1%||Cap at Monthly Salary of IDR12 million|
|Old Age Pension (JHT)||3.7%||2%||No cap on monthly salary|
|Public Pension (JP)||2%||1%||Cap at Monthly Salary of IDR9,077,600|
|Work Accident Insurance (JKK)||· Lowest Risk: 0.24%
· Low Risk: 0.54%
· Medium Risk: 0.89%
· High Risk: 1.27%
· Highest Risk: 1.74%
|0%||No cap on monthly salary|
|Life Insurance (JKM)||0.30%||0%||No cap on monthly salary|
|Total Monthly Contributions||10.24% – 11.74%||4%|
All employees are required to pay income tax based on their taxable income. The tax rates in Indonesia are progressive based on the annual taxable income.
The income tax rates are as follow:
|Taxable Income (IDR)||Tax Rate||Tax Payable (IDR)|
|Up to IDR 50 million||5%||2.5 million|
|Over IDR 50 million but less than IDR 250 million||15%||30 million|
|Over IDR 250,000,001 but less than IDR 500 million||25%||62.5 million|
|Over IDR 500,000,001||30%||30% of relevant amount|
Severance payments are excluded from the taxable income. However, the total amount of severance payments received is also taxable and the tax rates for severance payments are:
|Taxable Income (IDR)||Tax Rate||Tax Payable (IDR)|
|Up to IDR 50 million||0%|
|Over IDR 50 million but less than IDR 250 million||5%||2.5 million|
|Over IDR 250,000,001 but less than IDR 500 million||15%||60 million|
|Over IDR 500,000,001||25%||25% of relevant amount|
There are various tax reliefs or deductibles for individual and the common types are:
|Type of Relief||Amount (IDR)|
|Spouse – not working||4,500,000|
|Each dependent – maximum 3||4,500,000|
|Occupational expenses – 5% of gross income up to:||6,000,000|
|Employee contribution to old age pension (JHT)||Actual amount of contribution|
|Public pension contribution (JP)||Actual amount of contribution|
Indonesia practices withholding tax, that is, the employee’s annual income is estimated or calculated at the beginning of the year and the annual tax is divided over 12 months and paid monthly by the employer.
The amounts paid are reconciled to the total tax liability at the end of the year and an annual tax return must be submitted.
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